Vienna Underground – A brief History

The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn.

The center of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was aimed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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