The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Bohrkopf.
The center of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at a city of three or four million inhabitants, and even today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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