The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to Vienna metro.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was directed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there is also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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