The public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to U Bahnnetz Wien.
The midst of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been directed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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