The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a precise date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and also today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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