The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the next years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not the least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to U Bahn Wien.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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