Vienna Underground – A Short History

People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn Linien.

The center of a lifetime
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been targeted at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As in many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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