People transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The Middle of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there is also a regrettable politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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