Vienna Underground – A brief History

The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for two years.

1898
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to U Bahnnetz Wien.

The midst of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was directed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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